Kinds of floors most normal in private construction. Favorable circumstances and disadvantages. (γεμισματα δαπεδων)
Kinds of pieces in the realm of construction there are many, certainly a lot more than I know, yet in this article I need to concentrate on the sorts of floors most regular in private construction. When I state progressively common, I allude to the ones I am most much of the time experiencing in my works, however in progress that I see in the city
I will remark on the kinds of floor pieces with which I have worked of late, despite the fact that before I do I figure we should make a general arrangement between two huge gatherings of chunks, the unidirectional and the bidirectional.
The unidirectional floors are those that need bolsters at two of their closures, bars, to transmit the heaps of the floor through them to the columns and from that point to the establishment.
Not at all like in unidirectional pieces, the bidirectional chunks needn't bother with backings at the closures to transmit the heaps, yet the heaps of the section are transmitted in the two headings, making a lattice, until achieving the columns through the math devices.
I would prefer not to get excessively technical or hypothetical, isn't the objective of the post, however in any event I needed to clarify this extraordinary grouping that I believe is essential to comprehend the kinds of floors that I will remark.
So we go there.
Unidirectional fashioning of joists and pieces
Maybe the unidirectional fashioning of joists and vaults is the one that has been used the most in private construction .
Sorts of floor pieces, unidirectional, joists and sections
As I remarked in relation to unidirectional floors, they have to transmit the heaps they get on the light emissions of their far edges, through which they direct those heaps to the columns and to the establishment. From this transmission of burdens from the section to the bars, joists are requested , which are prefabricated concrete elements, with prestressed reinforcement, upheld by the formwork of the pillars to be concreted together and structure a solid element. https://tsimentokonia.net/
Sorts of floor sections, unidirectional chunks, joists gathered
The joists can be semi-safe or self-strengthening, the distinction between them being the capacity to withstand stacks before being concreted and coordinated into the floor. The semiresistentes need a lower supporting until the floor has gained its entire existence, while the creators needn't bother with this supporting for having adequate bearing limit since its placement.
The last are frequently used in sterile floors to abstain from leaving swaggers lost under the floor (you can not get to the latrine to recover the swaggers once concreted)
For the transmission of the heaps to be viable towards the bars, it is fundamental that there is an association between the joists and the pillars. Sometimes this association is settled by presenting the joists in the bars and in others you can put connectors that join the two elements. These connectors are straightforward creased steel bars that are put in the "kidneys" of the joists and are brought into the bars.
In the accompanying picture you can see those connectors, particularly in the joist that is seen beneath to one side (on the off chance that you have a better image of the utilization of connectors and need to share it, I will be cheerful, bless your heart)
Kinds of floor pieces, unidirectional chunks, backing of shaft joists
The quality of the floor is put together predominantly with respect to the joists, so the space between them is not really important regarding the capacity to withstand loads , so it isn't important to have full concrete mass between two joists If thus, quite a bit of that concrete would not work by any means, so it would essentially be adding its own load to the structure. This is settled by putting helping elements upheld between two joists, in order to anticipate the piece of the floor between joists that does not work, that of the lower region, not from concrete, yet from an a lot lighter element without auxiliary limit . These elements are the vaults